In this post, you will learn about
- What is AMDP?
- How to create AMDP?
AMDP – ABAP Managed Database Procedures
Sounds like some kind of jargon, yes? Actually, it is what it says. It is a Database Procedure which is managed by ABAP i.e. you can create, change or delete AMDPs using ABAP Development Tools in Eclipse. This also means that AMDPs can be transported using ABAP Transport.
AMDP is basically a method of a global class which is implemented by a Database Procedure in Language SQLSCRIPT.
How to create AMDP?
- Create a global class
- Add AMDP marker interface IF_AMDP_MARKER_HDB
- Create a method definition
- Implement the method using DATABASE PROCEDURE
1. Create a global class
AMDP method can only be created in a global class. If you try to create it in Local Class, you will get below error.
So create a global class in Eclipse.
2. Add AMDP marker interface IF_AMDP_MARKER_HDB
IF_AMDP_MARKER_HDB. Remember, interfaces can only be added in PUBLIC SECTION.
3. Create a method definition
An AMDP Method can be defined like a regular static/instance method in any visibility section i.e. public, private, or protected. However, it does have below restrictions for the parameters –
Only Variables and Tables are allowed as parameters. We can not use structures or nested tables.
- Generic types can not be used for parameters. For example Type Any can not be used.
- Only elementary data types and table types with a structured row type can be used.
- The table type components must be elementary data types and it can not have elements which are table types.
Additional restrictions on method parameters
- Only pass by value can be used. Pass by reference is not permitted. Using VALUE keyword for all parameters is required.
- RETURNING parameters are not allowed. We can use EXPORTING or CHANGING to receive the values.
- Only input parameters can be flagged as optional with a DEFAULT value ( literals/constants )
- In RAISING clause, only class based exceptions are allowed from a specific exception list.
- Parameter names can not start with %_. I like this rule as it does not affect me.
- Some keywords like connection, client, endmethod are reserved. Do not use such names for parameters.
Allowed Exception List
(Source : https://help.sap.com/doc/abapdocu_740_index_htm/7.40/en-US/index.htm?file=abenamdp.htm )
Considering all the restrictions, AMDP method can be defined as below.
4. Implement the method using DATABASE PROCEDURE
The syntax to implement ADMP method is as below –
- Every AMDP method will have below addition. READ-ONLY is only the optional addition and is used for methods that only read the data.
- BY DATABASE PROCEDURE
- FOR HDB
- LANGUAGE SQLSCRIPT
- It is also mandatory to specify all the database objects and other AMDP methods that are used within the SQLSCRIPT code.
- No ABAP statements can be written in the method code.
- AMDP methods do not have any implicit enhancement options.
- DDL statements that create/change/delete database objects can not be used.
- The statements COMMIT and ROLLBACK are not permitted
- Write access to database tables, for which SAP buffering is activated, is not permitted.
Once again, the class definition and implementation will look like below.
Refer post Working With Eclipse  : Useful Eclipse Preferences to set up different background color for SQLSCRIPT code
CLASS zjp_simple_admp_class DEFINITION PUBLIC FINAL CREATE PUBLIC . PUBLIC SECTION. INTERFACES : if_amdp_marker_hdb. TYPES : tt_flights TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF sflight. METHODS : get_flights IMPORTING VALUE(iv_carrid) TYPE sflight-carrid EXPORTING VALUE(et_flights) TYPE tt_flights. ENDCLASS. CLASS zjp_simple_admp_class IMPLEMENTATION. METHOD get_flights BY DATABASE PROCEDURE FOR HDB LANGUAGE SQLSCRIPT USING sflight. et_flights = select * from sflight WHERE carrid = :iv_carrid; ENDMETHOD. ENDCLASS.
Visit ABAP on HANA series for Tutorials on CDS, AMDP, Eclipse, and ALV IDA.
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